This is a very wide topic and it would be very hard to cover all aspects of the ways on how to train a dog in one article. However I will try and go into some of the basics and the do’s and don’ts of the area and hopefully get you of to a good start.
The first dog fact that you must know is that the mind of any young dog and puppy is set on doing one thing and only one thing and that is to investigate the world around them and gather knowledge so that they will cope with and feel safe in the world that they are going to live in.
You should by all means give your dog room to do that and even encourage him to make his experiences which will give you a more calm and happy dog in the years to come.
However you should right from the very beginning and preferably even before you go out and buy a dog have decided on some ground rules that you want to set for the dog so that you can start teaching him those right from day one. By that I mean what is allowed and what is not allowed. This way you will avoid unnecessary confusion for the dog .
The process of bonding with your dog must begin from day one! Make sure to spend time with him and play with him. Simply have fun and offer him your friendship and protection whenever he feels unsure of the world around him. This bonding process will also help you in establishing the dog vs. master hierarchy, which is a crucial thing if you want to be the owner of a well-behaved dog .
A good method, which I have used on all my dogs in order to maintain and establish my position as the leader of the pack, is while feeding the dog . The dog must and will learn that I am always in control of the food and decide when it is time to eat. Dogs do not know of democracy and so there is little point in being soft on him on certain points like for instance feeding time. In fact he will be glad if you show authority once in a while because that assures him that you are still the leader and allows him not to worry to much about it.
I never allow my dogs to eat from the bowl while I am holding the bowl in my hand, and I never ever serve the food into the bowl while it is on the ground under the nose of the dog . I mix the food on a table and walk towards the dog with the bowl in my hand, I then place it on the ground and when I think it is served it say “ok” and the dog will start eating.
A simple trick that is worth a great deal one it comes to having a well-behaved dog in many other settings.
When it comes to teaching your dog new tricks you must first make sure that the surroundings you and the dog are in are calm and familiar to the dog so that he does not need to spend energy and attention on investigating. This way you will have the full attention of the dog and it will make the training of the dog so much easier.
Make sure that both you and the dog are well rested and in a good mood when doing the training . If you are tired or simply not motivated, the dog will pick that up and the training session will have little effect.
Do not ever teach your dog more than one trick at a time, or he will become confused and the training would become more or less worthless. You most also remember that there is a 10 minute maximum on the session, after that you can be sure that the dog is getting bored with you. I often run the same drill 10 times and then allow for the dog to rest for 30 minutes before interacting with the dog again. This resting period will help the dog to compute what he just did and what he learned from it.
I normally never do more than 6 training session a day. That is more than enough for the dog to catch the meaning and you should always allow room for doing fun stuff with your dog throughout the day. Don’t drill him constantly or he will end up getting tired with you and you will and up growing tired with the training and eventually lose your own motivation.
I hope this article on how to train a dog was a helpful source of inspiration to you and I wish you the best of luck on you dog training efforts.