Dog Training – The 4 Quadrants of Operant Conditioning – What They Are and How They Are Used

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Like people, dogs are motivated by gain and to avoid pain. Hence, to train a dog, reinforcements or punishments can be used.

So What Are Reinforcements and Punishments?

Reinforcements are anything that increases the probability of a dog repeating a particular behaviour. Similarly, punishments are anything that decreases the probability of a behaviour being repeated.

What may not be too clear though is that there are 2 kinds of reinforcements and likewise, 2 kinds of punishments. Here’s why…

The 4 Quadrants of Operant Conditioning

To reinforce a dog for a particular behavior, you can give it something it likes (e.g. a treat) or takeaway something it does not like (e.g. an aversive). Both ways, the dog is rewarded to repeat the behavior. The former is called positive reinforcement (R+) and the latter negative reinforcement (R-).

And to punish a dog for bad behaviour so as to decrease the probability of the dog repeating that behaviour, you can administer something the dog does not like (e.g. physical punishment) or simply take away something it likes (e.g. a withdrawal of privilege say in the form of a time out). The former in this case is called positive punishment (P+) and the latter negative punishment (P-).

As can be seen from the above examples, the word positive and negative is simply used to indicate if something is being administered or taken away. And because you can reinforce or punish a dog by adding or taking away things, we end up with 2 distinct types of reinforcements and punishments each or in short, the 4 Quadrants of Operant Conditioning.

Examples of the 4 Quadrants Being Used in Dog Training

Here are common examples of the four quadrants in action during dog training:

Positive Reinforcement (R+): Asking a dog to sit and giving it a treat when it sits

Negative Reinforcement (R-): When teaching a dog to retrieve, to pinch the dog’s ear (aversive) and releasing it (taking away aversive) only when the dog retrieves the object.

Positive Punishment (P+): Using a leash pop to correct a dog for an undesirable behaviour.

Negative Punishment (P-): When a dog is happily playing with another dog, to Instituting a time out by taking a dog to a boring corner (taking away play time) the moment it becomes too rough or aggressive (undesirable behaviour)

Clicker Vs Compulsion Dog Trainers and how they use the 4 Quadrants

Clicker and another positive rewards based trainers generally apply lots of R+ in their training. On rare occasions where punishment is required, they typically administer P-. In clicker training, dogs are frequently set up to succeed, giving trainers the opportunity to mark, reward and reinforce desired behaviours. Such training is therefore generally termed as more humane and dog friendly.

Conversely compulsion trainers focus a lot on using P+ and R- to get the job done. Dogs are at times deliberately set up to make mistakes, giving the trainer the opportunity to correct the dog. Hence the term correction and compulsion are commonly associated with such form of dog training.



Source by Andrew Jit Kwang Koh

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Pointers for an Ideal Chest Workout Program

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Chest workout routine: The exercises that work

A chest workout program includes both exercises that can be performed independent of equipment and those that make use of weights and other fitness equipment. Different exercises work to strengthen different portions of the chest.

The standard pushups and its variations have no equipment requirement and tone the chest muscle with the help of your body weight. The various bench press exercises (Flat bench press and incline bench press) will work on the chest muscles from different angles. The flat bench press trains the triceps and shoulders in addition to the pectoral muscles.

The Dumbbell presses and Dumbbell flyers are also considered effective sofa exercises. They stabilize and strengthen muscles. Dips also find their place among the exercises that work to firm the chest. They mainly train the lower portion of the chest in addition to the triceps and shoulders.

5 Pointers for an Ideal Chest Workout routine

• Those training the chest muscles tend to perform only one or two exercises which in most cases are the regular bench press or the incline bench press. Achieving positive results requires that you break the monotony and use combination of various chest exercises. This trains the pectoral muscles from different angles.

• It is necessary to learn the proper form and technique of performing various exercises to get the most benefit from your workout program especially when alternating between exercises or sets. The proper technique involves all the chest muscles in the motion and builds them equally.

• A suggestion is to start small with fewer repetitions and lighter weights (in case you incorporate weights in your chest workout program). This will build strength gradually and ensure you do not injure yourself.

• Certain exercises should be performed under the supervision of a trainer. You should also undertake light warm up exercise before indulging in heavy chest exercises.

• It is largely human nature to follow the crowd but, avoid doing this for your chest workout program. The chest exercises you choose should be those qualified to your physical capacity and not those that have worked for another. Follow the workout program religiously and be patient.

When deciding on a chest workout program for your capacity, make sure you allot time to cool down. This gives the heart beat a chance to return to normal and the body time to recover after the strenuous activity. It can include light movements and stretching between workouts. And to get the best results out of the workout program, one should team the workout program with the correct fitness diet.

Firming up and toning the chest can be challenging but, it is not an unattainable fitness goal. Get the techniques and exercises right and you will notice how perfectly the muscles shape up.



Source by Koen K Kerkhofs

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The Vizsla Breed As a Retriever and Pointer

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The Magyars were the first people to document the Vizsla breed being used in pointing and retrieval efforts during hunting. The Magyars were a culture who had to defend them against predators and ensured their existence by using animals in defense. The Vizsla breed is named for the Hungarian word meaning "pointer," the dogs are very intelligent and their ability to point and retrieve made them valuable.

The Magyars were threatened by invading forces from Turkey and were under constant attack. They selected the mountains of present-day Hungary, because they were protected and shielded through the entire region. With the Vizsla's great sense of smell, the Magyars continued to thrive and survive off the food they caught in the rough terrain. Many years later, the Vizsla breed became well-known in present day Hungary. The dog had been common in areas like Transylvania where they were able to remain a pure breed. It was during the World Wars that the dog became mixed with other breeds and some different variations came about.

In the 1800's the Viszla was almost ran out of its own breed class, due to an influx of English and German Shorthair Pointers. There are theories about these breeds, along with the Weimaraner, that were used in the 1900's to resurrect and cultivate the Vizsla breed. It is simply a theory, there is no concrete evidence to confirm or deny the hypothesis. The Vizsla and Pointer breed share a definite resemblance from the sharp, pointy nose to the thin and erectly pointed tail. The game flushing skills of the Vizsla are only rivaled by the Pointer.

When Communists overtook Hungary, they wanted to eliminate everything from the Hungarian culture. The Vizsla breed all but almost vanished to the point of extinction, although the hunting skills of the Vizsla is what directed in the dog started saved. High ranking officials of the Communist party loved hunting for deer and rabbit; a few Vizsla remained, but were denser in body structure.

While in Hungary the dog became popular for use in hunting rats. During the 1950's, the United States became aware of the dogs search and finding abilities and the Vizsla was imported. The dog became used for game hunting soon after arriving in America; it was used to retrieve fowl, rabbits and deer. The dog eventually became as popular in Australia as it was in America. Today, there are competitions held around the world to celebrate the Vizsla dog breed and its many talents.



Source by John P Jackson

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UFC Throw Down! George St-Pierre Vs Dan Hardy at UFC 111!

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On March 27, 2010, Geroge "rush" St-Pierre (19-2) will be defending his title, against Dan Hardy (24-6) at UFC 111. The fighting event will be held in Newark NJ and the fighting event will be broadcasted all over the world, with shows, in Canada, and china. Frank Mir will also be fighting for the interim heavyweight title against Shane Carwin. The winner of that fight will be fighting Brock Lasner for the title, when Brock is able two return to the UFC.

GSP is currently, taking on a brawler, Dan Hardy who has good ground and pound, and is very good at take down defense. Although GSP is considered one of the best wrestlers and has some of the best take downs in UFC today, it will have a tough time taking down Hardy. St-Pierre is currently on a six win fighting streak, with wins over Mat Hughs, and, Thaigo Alves. Late in the Fight against Alves GSP folded his groin, but he held-on and ended up beating Alves with a decision victory. George Showed Great character, and what it means two be a great champion that day against a tough fighter in Thaigo Alves.

When GSP was healing his groin injury, a British slugger by the name of Dan Hardy was making his stamp in the UFC, going on a 4-0, winning streak with a win over Mike Swick at UFC 105. It was that win that put Hardy at the four front of the welter weight division. Hardy is no slouch; he has been training in martial arts for a very long time, starting with TaeKwonDo, and also training in china with world famous shoalin monks. Hardy Truly describes a title shoot, with many mma wins in various leagues. Hardy has volunteered in Cage force and Cage Warriors before singing on with the UFC. Hardy made his UfC debut in 2004, and has been training with Team Rough House, and he has also spent some time training with Extreme couture. Hardy has just gotten awarded his purple belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu from Eddie Bravo.

UFC 111 will be one of the best fight cards of the year. If Dan Hardy wants two defeats George St-Pierre he will need to fight a perfect fight. The two fighters match up very well. George is a counter fighter, with great wrestling and picture perfect technique. On the other hand Dan Hardy is a very versatile striker with an orthodox fighting style that mad has known as the British slugger.



Source by Shaneo WN

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German Shorthaired Pointer Dog Breed Profile

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Description: The German Shorthaired Pointer is a medium sized hunting dog with a slender, athletic build. The dog is 23 to 25 inches at the shoulder with the bitch 2 inches less. This dog ranges in weight from 45 to 70 pounds. The German Short haired Pointer has a short coat with a rough texture. The coat of this dog is liver (dark brown) and white, liver, or liver roan. The tail is generally docked. The German Short haired Pointer has a life span of 12 to 15 years. It is used as both a hunting dog and as a companion.

History: It is likely that the arrival of the Spanish Pointer in Germany during the 17th century led to the development of the German Shorthaired Pointer. The details regarding the exact breeds used is not available, but it is thought that the Foxhound, Hounds of St.. Hubert, and even the English Pointer were used with the foundation stock. The search was for a dog that could hunt over most terrains, but would also serve as a reliable and good-natured companion. The AKC recognized the German Short haired Pointer in 1930.

Temperament: The German Shorthaired Pointer is renamed for its good disposition. It is intelligent and can be traced easily. This dog wants to be close to its human family and is very affectionate and loyal to them. The German Short haired Pointer is fine around children, but because of its active nature would probably be better suited for older children. It is protective of those it loves and is a very good companion dog.

Health Issues: The German Shorthaired Pointer is basically a healthy, sturdy dog, but can suffer from some hereditary problems. The most serious is Von Willebrand's Disease (a form of hemophilia) and bloat, which must be treated immediately by a veterinarian. Hip dysplasia can also occur as can entropion of the eye. Epilepsy can sometimes be present in this dog. The German Short haired Pointer can rarely suffer from heart problems.

Grooming: As the German Shorthaired Pointer has a short, smooth coat, grooming this breed is easy. An incidental brushing will suffice, but care should be taken to examine its feet for injuries when it has been outside. The pendant ears will increase susceptibility to ear infections, so they should be kept clean and dry. If the German Short haired Pointer has been hunting, it should have been tested for ticks or other parasites, and discharged off if it has become wet.

Living Conditions: While the German Shorthaired Pointer is a friendly and loving dog, it is probably happiest with an active family. This dog should not be kept in an apartment, it is simply too energetic to be content there. The owner should be aware that the German Short haired Pointer will be able to jump over a 6 'fence, so even a large, fenced yard may not be secure. Involving the dog with family activities such as jogging, bicycling, or hunting is a good way to keep it happy and healthy.



Source by Scott Allan Lipe

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Dog Training At Its Best – Funny video

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Dog Training At Its Best – Funny video
Does Your Dog Need Training? Click On The Link Below:
http://the-online-dog-trainer.info

If you want a well-behaved dog, there is a lot that relies on the dog’s personality. However, nearly any dog can learn, at least a bit of manners. Depending on the dog’s personality and desire to learn, you may need to work a little harder or try some different methods to get the results you desire.

The dog, man’s best friend. We’ve all probably found ourselves owning a dog at some point, but perhaps weren’t the one responsible for training it. One of the keys to training a dog is consistency. You have to reward it all the time for good behavior, and punish it all the time for bad behavior. For example if you are potty training and your dog uses the pad, reward her with a treat each and every time to reinforce that behavior.

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CLICK HERE: http://the-online-dog-trainer.info

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More Information about dog training:

Dog training – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dog_training
Dog training is the application of behavior analysis which uses the environmental events of antecedents and consequences to modify the behavior of a dog, …
?Definition  •  ?History  •  ?How dogs learn  •  ?Training methods

Obedience training – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obedience_training
Jump to Dog intelligence and training – [edit]. A White German Shepherd ready to obey. Certain breeds, such as Doberman Pinschers, German …

Category:Dog training and behavior – Wikipedia, the free …
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Dog_training_and_behavior
… about how the domestic dog behaves and how to affect the behavior through training. The main articles for this category are Dog training and Dog behavior.

Animal training – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_training
Jump to Dogs – Dogs[edit]. Main articles: Dog training and Dog trainer. A trained dog competing in dog agility. Basic obedience training tasks for dogs, …

List of dog trainers – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_dog_trainers
This is a list of notable professional dog trainers. … author and veterinarian who specialised in the training and control of dogs; Anne Rogers Clark, co-author of …

Gun-dog training – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gun-dog_training
The techniques used

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People who watched this video:

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Dog Pilates | 38 Dogs | Solid K9 Training Dog Training

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38 dog Pilates and Place Friday
Jeff Gellman
Solid K9 Training
401-274-1078
*********FOLLOW ME**********
• Solid K9 Training http://solidk9training.com/
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Don’t forget to SUBSCRIBE to my channel!

Solid K9 Training, founded by award-winning, internationally-acclaimed dog trainer Jeff Gellman, is one of the nations most effective and respected dog training services providing no-nonsense, “Real World” training methods throughout New England. Serving dog owners from Hartford, CT to Boston, MA in our multifaceted, secure and 24/7 staffed Solid K9 Training Center in Providence, RI, as well as all throughout the nation with Jeff’s wildly successful RV Dog Trainer Tour. We will train any dog, regardless of breed, shape, size or history. We work to fix all dog behavior issues including excessive barking, growling, snapping, nipping, dog aggression (fighting), human aggression (biting), child aggression, pulling on leash, leash aggression, leash reactivity, skateboard reactivity, resource guarding, jumping on people, fear issues, anxiety issues, separation anxiety, chewing and destroying household items, running away, not listening, door bolting, stealing food, getting into the trash, cat aggression, chasing game, and killing animals/game. We also have a renowned reputation specializing in obedience training, which includes heeling and walking properly on a leash, sit/stay, down/stay, place, recall training (come to owner), and crate training. Our Training services include Board and Train behavioral modification, 1 on 1 Training, Obedience Classes, Puppy Training programs, Boarding / Board & Play, Daycare, and many free dog training resources including Dog training advice videos, dog training webinars, and Dog Training Q and A videos on Periscope on Monday and Wednesday nights. Our behavior modification training is cutting edge, using techniques like modern low level E-collar (remote collar) training and food and clicker training. Solid K9 Training has a worldwide reputation of being able to handle the most challenging dog behaviors and often times other dog trainers will refer their more serious cases to us.

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Dog Training Starts With a Puppy

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When you buy a puppy, you may think enjoying them and playing with them is all you need to do. The truth is, you need to start dog training early so the puppy learns the basic commands and behavior.

Housebreaking a puppy is easier if they understand basic commands and a few words. 'No' is a word that all puppies need to understand. This word will be used more than any other word you teach them as they start to grow into an adult dog. Dog training will include housebreaking, commands and obedience.

Housebreaking starts as soon as you bring the puppy home. This part of dog training can become frustrating if the puppy does not respond well to going outside. The first thing to remember is that taking the puppy outside should be done without any type of play. The puppy needs to learn that they are invited to use the outdoors for the bathroom. If a puppy learns quickly that they have to go to the bathroom outside, you can then start adding playtime after they have accomplished what they were supposed to do outside.

If the puppy has an accident in the house, you need to immediately take the puppy to the area and firmly tell them 'No, go outside', then take them outside until they realize what you mean. The puppy probably is not going to use the bathroom at this time, but they will understand what you mean after a few times. Dog training classes are the next thing to consider for your puppy.

In the dog training puppy classes, the puppy is taught the basic commands of sit, come, stay and lay down. These commands you will find are a blessing when you are in the house as well as outside. After puppy classes, you can move onto the next part of dog training, which is the obedience classes. These classes will teach the dog about walking, healing, down and addressing any other behavior problems you may notice. Puppies that are trained will grow up to be manageable and lovable dogs. If you do not provide some type of training, you will have an uncontrollable dog.

If you choose not to attend dog training classes, you can find some great dog training books that can help you train the puppy. Keep in mind that you must work with the puppy every day for a time or they will not retain what they are learning. Dog breeders and dog trainers will tell you that you should spend at least a half-hour a day on things being learned at the time. If you only train or practice once a week, the puppy is not going to remember what you have been teaching them. If you keep up with the training, you will have a great dog.



Source by Nicholas Hunt

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Dog Training Video Testimonials | Doggy Dans Online Dog Trainer Review | Puppy Dog Training

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== ==🌟 == == == http://bit.ly/29Qyzph == == == 🌟 == ==
^^^^^^Click the Above Link For Free Videos and Free Trial ^^^^^

Dog Training Video Testimonials | Must Know What Dog Owners Saying
Doggy Dan…you are a genius!!cooper and me
I cannot thank you enough for sharing your acquired knowledge with the world. It is like we have a different dog! He’s not perfect, but he’s still young….& anyone we meet cannot believe we’ve only had him just over 2months (most say it took them 18months minimum to get theirs to behave)! He no longer tries to get on the sofa, he doesn’t jump up at people any more (unless given the command to do so) his recall has improved, & his separation anxiety has pretty much disappeared too! He’s getting much better around other dogs too, just trying to socialise him as much as possible so he gets a mix of happy, playful dogs, as well as those who don’t want to play so much (& tell him so!) He’s starting to learn not to always go steaming in to sniff any & every dog that approaches. Your quest for dog trainer will end as soon as you will watch this doggy dans online trainer review.
Thank you again!! We’ve been telling EVERYONE about you & your methods!
Iona & Tom Relf, and of course, Cooper – Canterbury, U.K.

doggy dan

Dan, we’ve had great success!Screenshot 2015-04-09 13.13.37
I have a 7 month old puppy that is very excitable and gets out of control easily. He is currently enrolled in dog classes but they don’t cover much material and the going is slow. I was impressed with your website and wanted to learn about your philosophy of kind and gentle training. So far so good! We’ve had GREAT success with the “thank you” method for indoor barking. (Never would have thought to do a “time out” with a dog!) I’ve found ALL your videos to be interesting and helpful. Though we have a long way to go, I feel like we’re on the right path. Thank you for all the great information!
Jeanine Dunaj – Berkley, Michigan, U.S.A.

doggy dan

Doggy Dan, you’ve got a new fan!Screenshot 2015-04-09 13.32.48
Me and my husband have 2 dogs and we are about to adopt a new little puppy. I signed up for your website after listening to the podcast thinking it would be helpful to get the new puppy trained as well as our dogs. Then, when I started watching the videos I could see that our adult dogs needed a lot of help as well. Alvie, our medium sized dog (looks just like your dog Moses) seemed to be pack leader. He was just like fat boy, in the video you just posted. He would sit on us and had no respect for our space. But after only 3 days of following your methods Alvie is a much calmer and respectful dog. We have done everything wrong up until now and Klaus, our little dachshund/chihuahua mix was actually really scared of us. He would pee when he knew he was in trouble because our discipline was always yelling or a light bop on the nose. Now, even after just 3 days of your training methods, he’s calmer, and getting more confident. Both the dogs and us understand the rules now and we are really looking forward to raising our new puppy with your methods. I’ve been raving like a lunatic about you to everyone I know with dogs. THANK YOU!!

== ==🌟 == == == http://bit.ly/29Qyzph == == == 🌟 == ==
^^^^^^Click the Above Link For Free Videos and Free Trial ^^^^^

Facebook Page https://www.facebook.com/homedogtrainings/
Follow Twitter https://twitter.com/homdogtrainings

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Otto Update | Reactive Dog Training | Solid K9 Training Dog Training

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Everyone has been following along with Otto’s training journey and we have seen a huge change in him along the way.
Otto came in as an extremely high energy dog that could not settle. He was reactive and would vocalize every chance he got.
His mind would never calm down and he was always on edge. Everything he did was fast.
We have focused on slowing him down. We want him moving slow and thinking slow. Otto is no longer allowed to do anything quickly.
He understands the ECollar so we use that to communicate with him for both information and corrections.
Jeff Gellman
Solid K9 Training
401-274-1078
*********FOLLOW ME**********
• Solid K9 Training http://solidk9training.com/
• RV Dog Trainer … http://www.rvdogtrainer.com/
• https://cooldogtricks.com/
• Facebook https://www.facebook.com/pages/Solid-K9-Training/140229622668254
• Twitter @SolidK9Training
• Instagram SolidK9Training
• Patreon … www.patreon.com/solidk9training
• Periscope @SolidK9Training

Don’t forget to SUBSCRIBE to my channel!

Solid K9 Training, founded by award-winning, internationally-acclaimed dog trainer Jeff Gellman, is one of the nations most effective and respected dog training services providing no-nonsense, “Real World” training methods throughout New England. Serving dog owners from Hartford, CT to Boston, MA in our multifaceted, secure and 24/7 staffed Solid K9 Training Center in Providence, RI, as well as all throughout the nation with Jeff’s wildly successful RV Dog Trainer Tour. We will train any dog, regardless of breed, shape, size or history. We work to fix all dog behavior issues including excessive barking, growling, snapping, nipping, dog aggression (fighting), human aggression (biting), child aggression, pulling on leash, leash aggression, leash reactivity, skateboard reactivity, resource guarding, jumping on people, fear issues, anxiety issues, separation anxiety, chewing and destroying household items, running away, not listening, door bolting, stealing food, getting into the trash, cat aggression, chasing game, and killing animals/game. We also have a renowned reputation specializing in obedience training, which includes heeling and walking properly on a leash, sit/stay, down/stay, place, recall training (come to owner), and crate training. Our Training services include Board and Train behavioral modification, 1 on 1 Training, Obedience Classes, Puppy Training programs, Boarding / Board & Play, Daycare, and many free dog training resources including Dog training advice videos, dog training webinars, and Dog Training Q and A videos on Periscope on Monday and Wednesday nights. Our behavior modification training is cutting edge, using techniques like modern low level E-collar (remote collar) training and food and clicker training. Solid K9 Training has a worldwide reputation of being able to handle the most challenging dog behaviors and often times other dog trainers will refer their more serious cases to us.

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